Caledon Hills section (Hockley Valley; Map 18, near km 44.3)
640 m of Bruce Trail Optimum Route
Tall Timbers Nature Reserve lies near the Hockley Valley, and is a deep woodland of towering trees: conifers within a regenerating plantation, and hardwoods such as beech, maple and hemlock. The property is on the Optimum Route (the most desired routing) of the Bruce Trail, and its acquisition will mean the permanent protection of over 1 km of main Bruce Trail and side trail. Tall Timbers is aptly named for the towering trees that are found throughout the nature reserve.
Prior to the arrival of European settlers in the 1800s, Tall Timbers and area was for thousands of years the homeland of the Anishinaabeg indigenous peoples, including the Haudenosauneega Confederacy, the Huron-Wendat and the Mississauga/Eastern Anishinaabe (Ojibwa). The land was surrendered to the government in 1818 under Treaty 18, for "yearly and every year for ever, the said sum of twelve hundred pounds currency in goods."
Tall Timbers Nature Reserve Habitats:
Tall Timbers Nature Reserve contains a mix of old plantation forest that is slowly naturalizing, as well as rich Escarpment hardwood forest. Interior forest habitat is extremely important for numerous species such as the Pileated Woodpecker, Ovenbird, Black-throated Blue Warbler and the Wood Thrush and Eastern Wood-pewee, both species of Special Concern.